Croatie : des aérodromes du passé et du présent


Construction of Airbase Zeljava begins in 1948, searching for micro-location and positioning this huge airport complex. Construction and developing continued until 1968 and that year was considered as ending of construction. Same year, from military airport Pleso near Zagreb (Capital of Croatia) flew whole 117th Fighter Aviation Regiment to Zeljava Airbase near Bihac, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Concrete building of airbase Zeljava started 1956, but it was in use since 1968 before it was finished because of Soviet invasion on Czechoslovakia. Construction works were continued until 1978. Confidently, it is known that airbase Zeljava was financed by World Bank resources that was previously approved for building motorways in Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Construction works were about 4 billion US.

The largest parts of construction were done by Construction Firm “PLANUM” from Belgrade (capital of Serbia and ex-SFRJ) which was than and still is a military construction company. They worked together with their co-operant such as Construction Firm “TEMPO” from Zagreb and Construction Firm “POMGRAM” from Split (Croatia). Military Postal Code for Airbase Zeljava was 4868 which symbolized beginning of the first constructional works (1948) and letting it into function (1968). During constructions, underground complex had official code name “Object 505” and after completion code name was changed into “KLEK”.

After 24 years in fully function and use by Yugoslavian Air Forces, in 1992 this airbase complex were destroyed with 56 tones of explosive which detonations lasts about two days.



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